The Kasauli Cantonment was established by the British Raj in 1850 as a Colonial hill station,77 km from Shimla, 65 km from Chandigarh, and 94 km from Ambala Cantt (Haryana), an important Railway Junction of North India .The town is a health resort, having an elevation of 1,900 metres above sea level.
Total area of Kasauli cantonment is 688.0626 Ac. In which civil area is 43.5607Ac
The legend of the town states that it came into existence after Lord Hanuman placed his feet here in order to advance on to the Sanjeevani hill. The place where the lord actually kept his feet is believed to be at a hillock which is 300 m high. Historically, Kasauli is one of those hill stations that was developed by the British empire during its peak period in India.
Kasauli is well wooded with many varities of trees,mostly pines,deodars,horse chestnuts and wild cherries.
Kasauli has a moderate climate. Winter temperature is approximately 2 degrees Celsius, with Summer temperatures rarely exceeding 32 degrees Celsius or more. The general wind direction is south-west to north-east. Total rainfall for the year is 1020 millimetres, with humidity at 90% in September and 28% in April.